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October 29, 2022 at 8:34 AM #42528Shekinah BramaModerator
Acne is a common skin disorder that typically begins in adolescence. Acne typically affects the face, but it can also affect the upper chest, back, and shoulders. It is usually self-limiting, but it can endure for years, even until adulthood. Acne is caused by the clogging of oil gland pores with dead skin cells and microorganisms. Its occurrence is most likely determined by genetic predisposition and the effect of androgens (sex hormones) on the skin’s sebum or oil generating pores.
Blackheads (open comedones).
- Pink bumps or papules that are either non-sensitive or mildly tender, generally referred to as “pimples”
- Pustules that are tender.
- Firmer or nodulocystic lesions can leave scars or patches of red or brown discolouration that can linger for a long time.
- If a person is exhausted, ill, or stressed out, their acne tends to get worse. As a result, make an effort to maintain a balanced diet, regular mealtimes, adequate sleep schedule, and regular exercise.
- Avoid consuming excessive iodides and fluorides, which can be found in shellfish, kelp, iodized salt, and some multivitamin preparations.
- Avoiding substances that stress the body, such as too much caffeine, too much nicotine, illegal drugs, steroid drugs, and too much alcohol.
- Do not sit or sleep with your face in your hands.
- Avoid leaving tight, sweaty clothes on for a long time.
- Every skin care item that a person uses needs to be labeled “Non-comedogenic.”
- Retinoids like tretinoin (Retin A), Differin, and Tazorac are the most effective for preventing pore blockage, but many cases respond well to benzoyl peroxides, sulfur-containing lotions, or azelaic acid.
- Antibiotics that are applied to the skin or taken orally. Oral antibiotics should not be used for long-term therapy.
- When acne cannot be treated with continuous antibiotics, a course of a more potent oral retinoid drug, isotretinoin, should be considered (Accutane or Amnesteem). It is quite pricey and has a high risk of negative effects.
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