Student Village Academy Forums JAMB Difference between head of state and head of government

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      The head of state and the head of government are two distinct roles in a country’s political system, with different functions and responsibilities.


      The head of state is the highest-ranking official in a country, representing the unity and dignity of the nation. This position is often ceremonial and symbolic, and the head of state may have limited political power.

      Examples of heads of state include monarchs, presidents, and governors-general.


      The head of government, on the other hand, is the highest-ranking executive official in a country, responsible for implementing and enforcing laws, making policy decisions, and managing the day-to-day operations of the government.

      This position is typically more political in nature and has more direct control over the government than the head of state.

      Examples of heads of government include prime ministers, chancellors, and presidents who also serve as the head of government.


      In some countries, the roles of head of state and head of government are combined into a single position, such as in the United States, where the president serves as both the head of state and head of government.

      In other countries, such as the United Kingdom, the roles are split, with the monarch serving as the head of state and the prime minister serving as the head of government.




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